Freshwater Reviews, Vol 2, No 2 (2009)

Fisheries and cichlid evolution in the African Great Lakes: Progress and problems

Rosemary Lowe-McConnell
DOI: 10.1608/FRJ-2.2.2 | Pages: 131-151


This paper updates Recent Advances in the African Great Lakes: fisheries, biodiversity and cichlid evolution published by the FBA in Freshwater Forum (Lowe-McConnell, 2003). Since 2003 many international teams have continued research on lakes Malawi, Victoria and Tanganyika. This review discusses the decline of the important commercial fisheries in all three lakes together with changes in ecological and limnological conditions the fishes now face. These lakes have also provided unique laboratories which, with associated fish breeding experiments and DNA studies, have enabled many teams, as described here, to explore how their spectacular flocks of endemic cichlid species have evolved in each lake and continue to coexist.