Freshwater Reviews, Vol 1, No 2 (2008)

The developmental history of inland-water science

Jack Talling
DOI: 10.1608/FRJ-1.2.1 | Pages: 119-141

Abstract

A general outline is given of the development and successive phases of the science of inland waters, variously encompassing ‘limnology’, ‘hydrobiology’ and ‘freshwater biology’.  Three periods – pre-1930, 1930–1970 and 1970–present – are arbitrarily but conveniently distinguished.  In the first, emphasis is given to the original contributions of pioneers; in the second, to the fuller development of fields of enquiry; and in the third to wider environmental-ecological linkages and outlooks.  Example-situations and biographical involvements are illustrated by excerpts from the original literature.

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