I am the Senior Adviser to the Oxford Martin School and Professor of Natural Resource Management at Oxford University. I was from 2008 until 2013 the Government Chief Scientific Adviser (GCSA) reporting directly to the Prime Minister. As GCSA, I led on providing scientific advice to Government during the 2009 swine flu outbreak, the 2010 volcanic ash incident and the emergency at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in 2011. As GCSA, I was also responsible for increasing the scientific capacity across Whitehall by encouraging all major departments of state to recruit a Chief Scientific Adviser. Throughout 2008 and 2009 I raised the concept of the “Perfect Storm” of food, energy and water security in the context of climate change, gaining considerable media attention and raising this as a priority in the UK and internationally. During 2011 I chaired an International Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change. Prior to my appointment as GCSA, I was Professor of Applied Population Biology and headed the main departments of environmental science and technology at Imperial College. A specialist in the application of economics and biology to particular problems in the management of fisheries and other renewable resources, I have previously been advisor to a number of UK Government departments including the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, the Ministry of Defence and the Cabinet Office. I have also advised several Governments and international bodies including the Australian, New Zealand and US Governments, the European Commission, the United Nations Environment Programme and Food and Agriculture Organisation. I was, for six years, a member of the Natural Environment Research Council. In June 1997 I was awarded the Heidelberg Award for Environmental Excellence; in 2001 I became a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 2004 I was awarded the Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George by Her Majesty the Queen and in June 2010 was awarded a knighthood in the Queen’s Birthday Honours. I attended the London School of Economics, gaining a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics, and later a Master of Science degree within the Philosophy Department then headed by Sir Karl Popper. In 1973 I obtained a PhD in Population Biology from the University of Edinburgh. Given the major problems with natural resources, fresh water is an important resource which must be preserved and exploited sustainably.
I am passionate about the environment, good science and governance and in leaving a better legacy than we have inherited for people and nature. I deem it an honour and a great privilege to serve as a Council member of the Freshwater Biological Association and I endeavour to use all my skills in support of the FBA aims, objectives and standards. I recently retired from my job as Head of Fisheries and Biodiversity for the Environment Agency, with responsibility for £40M of expenditure and income from rod licence sales and grant-in-aid to deliver fisheries duties and biodiversity services to the EA and others. I managed ecologists, biologists, fisheries scientists, managers and regulators, and developed a keen interest in ecosystem services, invasive species and hydromorphology. Formerly Head of Water Framework Directive responsible for producing the first River Basin Management plans aimed at delivering good ecological status in all water bodies. Chaired the UK Technical Advisory Group that advised government and its agencies on the appropriate ecological standards and sought intercalibration of standards and monitoring across Europe. I was seconded to Natural England for nine months to assist with formation and development of the Government’s conservation advisor. I graduated from the University of Aston in Birmingham in 1977 with an honours degree in “The Biology of Man and His Environment”. I am currently chair of CIWEM’s faiths and environment network and was President of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management and former Chairman of the CIWEM Scientific Group, during which I was a member of the Science Councils Sustainability group. A career interest in agriculture and its effects on the environment resulted in the presentation of papers and contribution to the work of the House of Commons Environment Committee, Royal Commission on Soil and Rural White Paper. I also chaired the Defra Agricultural Waste Stakeholders Forum R&D sub-group and was a Secretary of State Appointee to Dartmoor National Park for 5 years.
My background has included a period in the accountancy profession with E&Y, 10 years as Finance Director of a small/medium sized PLC in the West Midlands, and 18 years working for a hospice in Wolverhampton. I qualified as a Chartered Accountant in 1975 with E&Y and left in 1987. I worked as Senior Audit Manager with responsibility for the audit of manufacturing organisations, public sector entities, building societies and privately owned businesses.
I joined the PLC organisation, Hodgson Holdings PLC, shortly after it had been quoted on the then Unlisted Securities Market and was its first Finance Director. The organisation grew rapidly through aggressive acquisitions including a merger with a fellow PLC and my overall responsibilities covered all financial matters including investor relations, presentations to financial analysts and relationships with external financial advisors. When I joined Hodgson, its annual turnover was around £6 million and by the time I left it was in excess of £120 million with a full listing on the London Stock Exchange.
I was recruited as Business Director of Compton Hospice Ltd in June 1997, which was a newly created position, taking responsibility for all matters other than clinical issues. Approximately 10 years ago, the Trustees decided to create the position of Chief Executive and, following appropriate presentations to the Board, I was appointed the hospice’s first Chief Executive. I report directly to the Chairman and have responsibility for all management, financial affairs and administrative matters of the organisation. I have recently been responsible for the development of a new 5 year strategy which was presented to and approved by the Board in early 2015.
I am retiring in March 2016 and as part of my plans I would like to secure some non-executive type roles, and the position at FBA fits appropriately with the opportunity for me to provide the experience and skills that I have to offer.
University College of London I am a limnologist/palaeolimnologist specialising in the use of diatoms as indictors of environmental change based at the Environmental Change Research Centre, UCL. My early work on Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland was concerned with eutrophication but for most of my career I have focussed on upland waters in the UK, especially those sensitive to the effects of “acid rain”. With my colleagues at UCL I co-ordinate the Upland Waters Monitoring Network, a network of lakes and streams across the UK initially designed to track recovery from acidification, but now being modified to monitor the response of upland waterbodies to a range of different pressures including climate change. Established in 1988 it provides a unique platform for freshwater research in the UK. In 2006 I was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society and I sit on the FBA Council as the Royal Society’s representative. As such, and in addition to fully supporting all the work of the FBA, my specific role is to help the FBA maintain its commitment to facilitate freshwater research for the benefit of the wider community now and in the future.
(Co-opted Member) My interest in aquatic ecology was developed at Loughborough University, where diving skills led to offers of work on field surveys and then to my first job as a Marine Biologist with Wessex Water Authority; in fact I wrote the job application whilst doing snorkel surveys on the banks of Windermere for my final dissertation. I then quickly moved into fisheries and lake management work which provided opportunities for collaborative work with the FBA river laboratory. Staying with Wessex Water on privatisation developed my experience of both the wastewater and water supply businesses. I developed their environmental assessment service to meet the extensive water company development programme which arose to meet the tightening of environmental standards from 1990-2005. In 2005 I seized the chance to move back to river research, managing Wessex Water’s Low Flow investigation programme. This looked at the effects of abstraction and sewage discharges on rivers and wetlands, especially on the Hampshire Avon and Dorset Frome, and highlighted the challenges of understanding the wide range of influences on river ecology, especially in such a heavily managed chalk streams. Through this work I represented the water industry on the National Chalk Stream Biodiversity Action Plan and on various National steering groups for aspects of hydro ecology and the Water Framework Directive. I believe strongly in partnership working, working routinely with Natural England, Environment Agency and River Trusts in both research, environmental and water company planning. These good relationships have lead to a long involvement in European and Environment Agency funded projects on restoration of the Hampshire Avon plus an opportunity to develop one of the DEFRA catchment partnerships on the Frome and Piddle Catchments. . Since 1980 I have seen a shift in the extent and nature of freshwater studies as research funding has declined and monitoring has shifted from the ‘regulator’ to the ‘user’. . As an ecologist in industry, I had the opportunity to ‘make things happen’, both in terms of influencing Wessex Water’s and the industry’s operations, and through support and funding of collaborative projects. Now freelance, I am now able to work with the NGO sector, chairing the Poole Harbour and the Stour Catchment Partnerships and through my roles with the FBA, the River Restoration Centre and the Wessex Chalk Streams and Rivers Trust.
(Co-opted Member) Throughout my 6 years at the University of Reading, first as an undergraduate and then as a PhD student working on the behaviour of freshwater fish, I always intended to follow a career in freshwater biology. Yet somehow I got diverted into academic publishing, and my working life post-university has centred on scientific publications, working mostly at Cambridge University Press where I was Director of Science Publishing from 1998-2003. In recent years I have been working as a freelance editor; commissioning books for CUP and Wiley-Blackwell and acting as Editor of the quarterly Bulletin of the British Ecological Society. Another of my roles is that of Editor, FBA Books: a joyous return to my roots as I joined the FBA and bought my first Scientific Publications as an undergraduate. Side by side on a bookshelf are copies of the 1970 printing of Macan’s Guide to Freshwater Invertebrate Animals and the superb successor volume Guide to Freshwater Invertebrates that I was privileged to be able to help to publication in 2012. As a member of FBA Council I am able to build on a long-term relationship with the FBA, offering expertise in scientific publications, experience of running my own business, and familiarity with the challenges facing scientific societies through active involvement with the British Ecological Society. As a beneficiary (both as a student and as a publisher) of the expertise of FBA staff past and present I am determined to contribute wholeheartedly to the formulation of future strategy and development of a business plan that will secure the future of an institution close to my heart.
(Co-opted Member) MWH I am currently Programme Lead for the Seychelles Resource Efficiency Programme funded by the European Investment Bank in Seychelles. Until October 2014, I was Technical Discipline Lead and Senior Principal Hydrologist of the Water Resources team within Europe-Africa Design at MWH UK Ltd. My role involved providing technical and commercial leadership to the Water Resources team through ensuring technical governance, health and safety, technical capability, commercial development, product development, production efficiency, resource management, training and development. I grew the team’s diversity of work, depth of skills, and number of staff, utilization and profitability. The contributed significantly to the company, not only reputationally, but also through successfully bidding for framework contracts and delivering specialist services. I sit on MWH’s strategy and diversification team. In addition to my leadership of the Water Resources team, I continue to lead technical programmes of work. My current role builds on over 20 years of experience in water resources and the water environment, and strengthens my broad technical, policy and regulatory knowledge about water resources, the water environment and climate change. I have published internationally, in academic journals, book chapters, an encyclopedia and the popular press. I have continued to review research papers for academic journals, have served as an external examiner for a number of research degrees and am an invited conference speaker. I have also sat on research and review committees, presented and contributed at a Think Tank on developing a climate change adaptation and mitigation strategy for the South African water and forestry sectors, have presented keynote addresses at international conferences, done press briefings and was an invited panelist at the International Conference on River Restoration for Green Growth in South Korea in October 2011. I served as international reviewer for Edward Arnold publishers on fluvial geomorphology between 1999 and 2003. I have recently stood down from the Water Advisory Panel for the Construction Industry Research and Information Association (I remain a panellist on their weir’s study). I am a Chartered Member of the Chartered Institution of Water and Environmental Management. I present a course for the International Centre for Parliamentary Studies on Strategic Water Planning.
(Co-opted Member) Aquatic Biological Consultancy Services Ltd (ABCS) I have been a member of the FBA since 1962, the result of attending the Easter Course that year. Life membership came shortly after. From 2001 to 2010 I held the post of Honorary Treasurer. Since then I have been a Council Member and Trustee. After some 3 years as a schoolteacher I resigned to start a degree course at Sir John Cass. Here my professional career begins with the redoubtable Julian Rzoska who must take responsibility for my limnological skills. From Sir John Cass I was translated to the Tropical Fishculture Research Institute at Malacca (Melaka) Malaya (Malaysia). There I worked for 3 years as Scientific Officer, mainly concerned with the ecology of the zooplankton populations of tropical fish ponds. I left Malacca to join the International Biological Progamme (IBP) Royal Society Tropical Freshwater Biological Team that was to carry out intensive and fundamental work on the ecological dynamics of a shallow, highly productive tropical lake, Lake George, Uganda, between 1966 and 1972. This work was part of the United Kingdom’s contribution to the IBP section on the Productivity of Freshwaters. The IBP team was supported by the Royal Society and managed by the FBA. The team members were all FBA staff for the duration of their involvement. During this time I obtained my Doctorate for my work on the ecology of the Lake George haplochromids. After leaving the Lake George team, I was recruited by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) in Rome to work as their fisheries expert in Rwanda. After completing this work, I resigned from the FAO, principally because of my dislike of the bureaucratic problems current at that time. In 1974 I established my own independent consultancy company, Aquatic Biological Consultancy Services (ABCS), with a broad remit covering most aspects of freshwater biology. My own field of work primarily concerned the development of fisheries and fishculture throughout the tropics. I am now semi-retired although my work with the company continues. I am convinced of the value of the work of FBA and have been actively engaged in its period of resurgence and renewal over recent years. I look forward to the Association’s future as the UK’s foremost source of information, expertise and support for the freshwater community of professionals, educators and amateurs.
University of Southampton I am, by training, a Marine Biologist with all my degrees from Liverpool (BSc Hons Marine Biology 1976, PhD Rocky Shore Ecology 1980, DSc 2008). I have always been interested in both marine and freshwater biology stemming from being a keen fisherman; at Liverpool I took several freshwater courses before specialising in Marine Biology at the Port Erin Marine Laboratory on the Isle of Man. My pure research has been primarily through experimental studies of community structuring processes on rocky shores and more recently the links between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. I am also interested in long-term studies of coastal and marine ecosystems in relation to climate change and other impacts such as fishing and coastal development. My applied research interests span shellfish fisheries, ecologically sensitive design of sea defences, pollution and conservation including restoration of disused docks. I have over the years published a few papers on freshwater systems: on the ecology of closely related cichlids (with George Turner and Martin Genner), competition in small chalk stream fish (with George Turner and Patrick Doncaster) and woody debris (with Terry Langford). I have supervised around 65 PhD students to completion. I have worked at several Universities (Manchester, Liverpool, Southampton, briefly Plymouth, Bangor and Southampton again). I also did a Post–doc at the Marine Biological Association (MBA) Plymouth and was Director between 1999 and 2007. In recent years I have had several senior University management roles (Dean, Pro-Vice Chancellor). To the FBA I bring my amateur enthusiasm for freshwater biology, coupled with quite a lot of scientific and financial management experience from its sister organisation – the MBA – as well as in Universities. I am also very aware of the governance and management required in the charitable sector from my time at the MBA. I have also provided advice to many government bodies and served on numerous boards and advisory committees (e.g. Defra, Natural England, Esmée Fairbairn, Scottish Association for Marine Science, Biodiversity Research Centre Taiwan, Welsh Government) and grant panels (NERC, ANR France, FCT Portugal) and been a trustee of the National Biodiversity Network and the National Marine Aquarium, Plymouth. I have been a council member of the Malacological Society of London. I also serve on several editorial boards of journals. Thus I can help with knowledge exchange activities and education from experience of leading a Learned Society in the charitable sector.
University of Southampton
I am an Associate Professor in the International Centre for Environmental Science, Engineering & the Environment, at the University of Southampton. My main interests focus on influences of anthropogenic processes and actions on the quality and composition of habitat and organisms. This work revolves around three key areas: (1) interactions between nutrients and primary producers - roles of environmental factors, chemical form and consequent nutrient availability, impacts of phytoplankton on nutrient partitioning and fluxes; (2) spatial and temporal variations of dissolved organic nitrogen in chalk-fed rivers; (3) impacts of human activity on rivers with emphasis on the physical factors (channel form, riparian habitat, discharge, rehabilitation and management) (Vitacress Conservation Trust, Environment Agency, Forestry Commission, and Salmon & Trout Association as collaborative research partners).
Prior to joining the University of Southampton, I held research positions at Lancaster University and the Netherlands Institute for Ecological Research. At Southampton, I was initially a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Oceanography. In addition to my role as Trustee and Council Member of the Freshwater Biological Association, I hold several other roles including Trustee and Council Member of the Institution of Environmental Sciences, Chair of the Bourne Rivulet Initiative, Member of the UK Chalk Streams Biodiversity Action Plan steering group, Executive Member of the Committee of Heads of Environmental Sciences, and Science Advisor to the Test & Itchen Association, and Vitacress Conservation Trust.
(Representative Member for The Fishmongers’ Company) I have been involved in Scottish rivers and fisheries management for the last twenty years, originally being charged with setting up the network of Scottish rivers trusts which now form the Rivers and Fisheries Trusts of Scotland (RAFTS). This membership charity consists of 26 charitable trusts employing about 60 technical staff managing river conservation and management projects throughout Scotland. I have held various positions in the Scottish river management world, including director of the Association of Salmon Fisheries Boards (ASFB), joint managing director of RAFTS and ASFB and I am currently chairman of RAFTS. I also am the freshwater director of the Fishmongers’ Company, one of the top twelve London livery companies, who have retained a long standing interest in marine and freshwater fisheries management and the fish trade. More recently I have become involved in freshwater and catchment management issues beyond Scotland and, in January 2015, was invited to chair the Rivers Trust – the representative body of the 50 rivers trusts in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. I also sit on the board of the Angling Trust/FishLegal. With a good background in managing and running charities I am particularly keen to explore ways in which organisations, like the FBA, can provide scientific and training support to the ever expanding network of managers and technical staff working within rivers trusts throughout the UK.