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Paul John Raven, B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., F.L.S

Paul Raven
Paul Raven

Overview:

I have more than 30 years of expertise and experience in freshwater ecological research and its application for environmental protection and nature conservation in Britain and elsewhere in Europe. I have published widely and my main area of interest continues to be studying the links between fluvial geomorphology and river ecology.

Education:

Reading University B.Sc Zoology (1975);

Aberdeen University M.Sc Ecology (1977);

University College London, Ph.D (1985).

Research in freshwater ecology: My Ph.D was a study of the ecological effects of river engineering works. I then did a 2-year post-doctoral research project studying the impact of pesticide pollution on river ecology (Polytechnic of Central London, 1985-87). I also carried out aquatic macrophyte surveys of lakes and streams in the UK Acid Waters Monitoring Network (1985-91).

Professional work in Freshwater Ecology and Nature Conservation:

I was the freshwater specialist in Countryside and Wildlife Branch at the Department of Environment for Northern Ireland (1987-91), and became National Conservation Officer at the National Rivers Authority in 1991. I was appointed Head of Conservation, and subsequently Head of Conservation and Ecology at the Environment Agency (1996-2011) during which time I was ecology lead for implementation of the Water Framework Directive in England and Wales. I took early retirement from the Agency in June 2011.

Honorary Positions:

I was an FBA Council Member (2002-6), am a serving Council member of the British Ecological Society (2011-15), and was on the editorial Board of the journal Aquatic Conservation during 1998-2010.

Key achievement in Freshwater Ecology:

I led development of River Habitat Survey, which was used for the first ever national assessment of river habitat quality in Britain.

Publications:

Sole author

  • 1986: The size of minnow prey in the diet of young Kingfishers Alcedo atthis. Bird Study, 33, 6-11.
  • 1986: Changes in the breeding bird population of a small clay river following flood alleviation works. Bird Study 33, 24-35.
  • 1986: Changes of in-channel vegetation following two-stage channel construction on a small rural clay river. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23,333-345.
  • 1986: Changes in waterside vegetation following two-stage channel construction on a small rural clay river. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23, 989-1000.
  • 1986: Vegetation changes within the flood relief stage of two-stage channels excavated along a small rural clay river. Journal of Applied Ecology, 23, 1001-1011.
  • 1987: Odonate recovery following a major insecticide pollution of the River Roding, Essex. Journal of the British Dragonfly Society, 3, 37-44.
  • 1988: Occurrence of Sphagnum moss in the sublittoral of several small oligotrophic lakes in Galloway, South West Scotland. Aquatic Botany, 30, 223-230.
  • 1988: The effect of a major insecticide pollution on water beetles in an Essex river. The Balfour-Brown Club Newsletter, 43, 3-5.
  • 1988: Ecological effects of a major insecticide pollution on an Essex river. The London Naturalist, 67, 75-85.
  • 1999: 20:20 vision – issues influencing recent changes and future prospects for river management and conservation in England and Wales. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 9, 627-631.
  • 2006: Freshwater ecological science in the UK – last rites or a new dawn? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 16, 109-113.
  • 2011: How will river conservation cope with the global economic downturn? Observations from an international conference. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 21, 1-6.

Main co-author

  • 1988: Raven PJ, George J. Recovery by riffle macroinvertebrates in a river after a major accidental spillage of chloropyrifos. Environmental Pollution, 59, 55-70. 1997: Raven PJ, Fox P, Everard M, Holmes NTH, Dawson FH. River Habitat Survey: a new system to classify rivers according to their habitat quality. In Freshwater Quality: Defining the Indefinable? (eds: Boon PJ, Howell D). The Stationery Office, Edinburgh, pp 215-240.
  • 1998: Raven PJ, Boon PJ, Dawson FH, Ferguson AJD. Towards an integrated approach to classifying and evaluating rivers in the UK. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8, 383-393.
  • 1998: Raven PJ, Holmes NTH, Dawson FH, Everard, M. Quality assessment using River Habitat Survey data. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8, 477-499.
  • 1998: Raven PJ, Holmes NTH, Dawson FH, Fox PJA, Everard M, Fozzard IR, Rouen KJ. River Habitat Quality: the physical character of rivers and streams in the UK and Isle of Man. Environment Agency, Bristol. 2000: Raven P J, Holmes NTH, Naura, M, Dawson FH. Using River Habitat Survey for Environmental Assessment and Catchment Planning in the UK. Hybrobiologia, 422/423, 359-367. 2000: Raven PJ, Naura M, Holmes NTH, Dawson F H. Healthy River Habitats, - fit for wildlife: delivering the physical dimension. Water and Environmental Management Journal, 14, 235-239. 2002: Raven PJ, Holmes NTH, Charrier P, Dawson FH, Boon PJ. Towards a harmonised approach for hydromorphological assessment of rivers in Europe: a qualitative comparison of three survey methods. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 12, 405-424.
  • 2010: Raven PJ, Holmes NTH, Vaughan IP, Dawson FH, Scarlett, P. Benchmarking habitat quality: observations using River Habitat Survey on near-natural streams and rivers in northern and western Europe. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, S13-S30.

Co-author

  • 1996: Fox PJA, Naura M, Raven PJ. Predicting habitat components for semi-natural rivers in the United Kingdom. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Habitat Hydraulics, Volume B, 227-238, Quebec. 1999: Dawson FH, Raven PJ, Gravelle MJ. Distribution of the morphological groups of aquatic plants for rivers in the UK. In Ecology and Management of Aquatic Plants (eds: Caffery JM, Barrett PRF, Ferreira MT, Moreira IS, Murphy KJ, Wade PM). Hydrobiologia, 415, 123-130.
  • 1999: Dawson FH, Raven PJ, Holmes NTH. The distribution of aquatic plants by morphological group for rivers in the UK. In:Proceedings of the 10th European Weed Research Symposium, Lisbon, Portugal, September 1998, pp 183-186. 2002: Hawley D, Raven PJ, Anstey KL, Crisp S, Freeman D, Cullis J. Riverside Explorer: an educational application of River Habitat Survey information. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 12, 457-469.
  • 2002: Mance G, Raven PJ, Bramley ME. Integrated river basin management in England and Wales: a policy perspective. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 12, 339-346. 2005: Monteith, DT, Hildrew AG, Flower RJ, Raven PJ, Beaumont WRC, Collen P, Kreiser AM, Skilland EM, Winterbottom JH. Biological responses to the chemical recovery of acidified freshwaters in the UK. Environmental Pollution, 137, 83-101. 2005: Battarbee RW, Hildrew A, Jenkins A, Jones I, Maberly S, Ormerod SJ, Raven PJ, Willby N. A review of freshwater ecology in the UK. Freshwater Biological Association, Ambleside. 22pp. 2010: Boon PJ, Holmes NTH, Raven PJ. Developing standard approaches for recording and assessing river hydromorphology: the role of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). Aquatic Conservation; Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, S55-S61.
  • 2010: Gonzales DF, Ortiz JB, Raven PJ. A review of habitat assessment methods of rivers: indices or characterisation protocols? Limnetica, 30, 217-214.
  • 2012 Seager K, Baker L, Parsons H, Raven PJ, Vaughan IP. The rivers and streams of England and Wales: an overview of their physical state in 2007-2008 and changes since 1995-1996. In: River Conservation and Management (eds: Boon PJ, Raven PJ). Wiley-Blackwell.

Co-editor

  • 1998: Boon PJ, Raven PJ (eds). “The Application of Classification and Assessment Methods to River Management in the UK”. Special issue of Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 8, 383-644.
  • 2002: Raven PJ, Boon PJ (eds). “Understanding the Requirements for Achieving Sustainable River Basin Management in the UK”. Special issue of Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 12, 327-483.
  • 2010: Raven PJ, Diamond M (eds). Recent developments in classification, assessment and management strategies for freshwater habitats in Britain and Europe. Special supplement of Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 20, S1-S130.
  • 2012: Boon PJ, Raven PJ (eds). River Conservation and Management. Wiley-Blackwell. 448 pp.

Books

  • 2014: Holmes Nigel, Raven Paul. Rivers. British Wildlife Collection No. 3. British Wildlife Publishing, Oxford.

Unpublished scientific reports

  • 1981-1987: Numerous technical reports (UCL technical series) on acidification and macrophytes in Scotland.
  • 2006-2011: (Raven PJ, Holmes NTH et al.,) Reports of river habitat and aquatic macrophyte surveys in Slovenia (2006), Bavaria and Tyrolean Alps (2007), SE France (2006), Poland (2007), Northern Spain (2008), Southern Portugal (2009), the Drawa river, Poland (2010) and the High Tatra mountains, Slovakia and Poland (2011). These reports are available as pdf downloads from www.riverhabitatsurvey.org
 
 
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